Managing Diet During a Phase of Reduced Workload
Equestrian sport has been uncertain through 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. With many equestrian events cancelled or delayed many horse owners had to reassess their horse’s exercise and feeding regime. Workloads and feeding regimes often change throughout the competition season too; here our nutritionists take a look at the considerations of feeding when your horse is getting less work than usual.
Depending on your individual circumstances, it may mean that you simply need to adjust the amount of hard feed your horse receives, on the other hand some horses may require a lower energy ration.
During the off season or when people give their horse a holiday, some decide to rest their horses completely whilst others want to keep their horses in work, even if at a slightly less intense level. A short break from exercise will have minimal impact on overall fitness. However, limited exercise over a longer period will reduce both cardiovascular fitness and muscle strength. Plus this will mean that a longer period of reconditioning is needed once the horse returns to work. To preserve the strength and suppleness of the musculoskeletal tissues exercise at least three times a week is recommended. However, depending on your horse’s current fitness, higher levels of work may be required to maintain cardiovascular fitness.
Adjusting Hard Feed
If you have to suddenly reduce your horse’s workload you will need to adjust their calorie intake accordingly. However, if you do find that your horses’ workload drops a little we recommend reducing the hard feed slightly and, if feeding less than the recommended intake, adding a nutrient-dense balancer such as Connolly’s RED MILLS Performa Care Balancer to ‘top-up’ micronutrient intake. You should also continue to feed an appropriate electrolytes supplement after heavy sweating or strenuous work.
During periods of reduced exercise, maintaining an even temperament can be challenging, particularly if the horse is already fully fit and used to daily work. To avoid excessive excitability, if not already doing so, consider switching to a lower starch feed such as our Horse Care 10 Cubes. These low starch, high fibre cubes have been specifically formulated for horses in lower levels of work and include our unique Care package to support overall health and well-being.
If your horse will be spending more time in his stable it’s important that you keep him occupied, and his digestive system healthy, by feeding plenty of forage. The horse’s gut is naturally stimulated by movement, so if exercise is reduced and they are spending more time in their stable the risk of digestive issues (e.g. colic) may increase.
To minimise these problems when possible all changes should be introduced gradually. Providing ad lib forage will help to keep the horse’s gut moving, plus it will reduce the risk of stomach ulcers, which can occur as a result of stress. There are also several ways you can extend eating time and alleviating boredom such as feeding forage in a small-holed haynet and providing a boredom ball.
All Connolly’s RED MILLS feeds are made using advanced cooking techniques to help minimise the risk of gastrointestinal problems, you can read more about our Precision Nutrition here. However, for horses prone to these issues we recommend choosing a feed from our Care Range. These feeds contain a long-lasting natural gastric buffer to support stomach health, as well as yeast and two prebiotics (MOS and FOS) to help maintain a healthy hind gut.
Remember that any changes to your horse’s diet should be introduced gradually. Sudden changes can disrupt the delicate balance of microbes in the digestive system and potentially lead to problems such as colic. Whether you are making changes to your horse’s hard feed or introducing them to a new pasture, ideally these changes should be made slowly over at least 4-7 days.
Whatever your situation, our team of nutritionists are on hand to offer helpful, practical advice; contact our expert team here.